Beginners Guide To Cyber Security

Cybersecurity is a critical issue that affects individuals, organisations, and governments around the world. With the proliferation of digital technologies, cybersecurity has become increasingly important to ensure the protection of sensitive information and the prevention of cyberattacks. In this blog post, we will explore what cybersecurity is, why it matters, and what steps individuals and organisations can take to protect themselves.

What is Cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity refers to the practice of protecting internet-connected systems, including hardware, software, and data, from cyber threats. Cyber threats come in many forms, including malware, phishing attacks, social engineering, hacking, and more. Cybersecurity aims to protect these systems and data from unauthorised access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction.

Why Does Cybersecurity Matter?

Cybersecurity matters because our lives are increasingly dependent on digital technology. From personal banking and healthcare to government infrastructure and national defence, virtually every aspect of our lives relies on the security of the digital systems and data that support them. Cyberattacks can result in significant financial losses, reputational damage, and even physical harm.

Furthermore, the cost of cybercrime is rising. According to a report by Cybersecurity Ventures, cybercrime is expected to cost the world $10.5 trillion annually by 2025. As such, cybersecurity has become a top priority for organisations and governments around the world.

Steps to Improve Cybersecurity

Fortunately, there are steps that individuals and organisations can take to improve their cybersecurity. Here are some best practices for improving cybersecurity:

Use Strong Passwords: Use unique, strong passwords for each online account and change them regularly. Consider using a password manager to generate and store complex passwords securely.

Keep Software Up-to-Date: Keep your software, including your operating system, web browsers, and applications, up-to-date with the latest security updates and patches.

Be Careful with Email: Be cautious of unsolicited emails, especially those with attachments or links. Phishing attacks often use email to trick people into clicking on malicious links or opening infected attachments.

Use Antivirus Software: Install and regularly update antivirus and anti-malware software on all devices, including computers, smartphones, and tablets.

Use Two-Factor Authentication: Enable two-factor authentication (2FA) wherever possible. 2FA adds an extra layer of security by requiring users to provide a second form of identification, such as a code sent to a smartphone, in addition to their password.

Backup Your Data: Regularly backup your important data and store it securely in a separate location, such as an external hard drive or cloud storage service.

Educate Yourself: Stay informed about the latest cybersecurity threats and best practices. Many organisations offer free online training and resources to help individuals and employees learn about cybersecurity.


In conclusion, cybersecurity is a critical issue that affects us all. By taking proactive steps to improve our cybersecurity, we can protect ourselves and our data from cyber threats. By using strong passwords, keeping software up-to-date, being careful with email, using antivirus software, enabling two-factor authentication, backing up our data, and educating ourselves, we can help to create a safer digital world.